2.2.1 Global analysis of all observed processes:
Using the framework of questions above, you can report back on a case and submit an analytical text (around 35 000 characters).
2.2.2 Questions about the interactions between social actors:
As regards the question of urban mobility in the case and the phase or phases considered, which social actors are involved?
Associations, companies, political parties, experts, journalists, government departments, professional bodies, citizens’ groups, public institutions, etc.?
What positions do they adopt?:
Their version of things, their justifications and claims, the solutions they envisage?
What are the financial, political, strategic, etc. constraints that each of the social actors involved has to consider?
How do they stand in relation to each other (alliances, points of agreement or conflict)? Who plays an important role? Who has influence? Why?
2.2.3 Questions about the social locations, public arenas where the problems are debated or publicised:
With regard to the case studied, is there large-scale media involvement?, high or low social demand?, high or low controversy?What are the “arenas” in which these debates/publicisations take place? Parliament, media, discussion and debate forums, meetings between politicians and citizens, etc.?What issues/topics are at the centre of the debates? Around which questions do conflicts of ideas and/or interests emerge?What are the big arguments deployed? By whom?
2.2.4 Questions about everything that the social actors believes or know about the reality of a problem:
During the different phases of the public problem, or during one of them, and in the “arenas” observed, what perceptions about the methods of transport govern the responses of the social actors (already identified)?More specifically, what perception of the car? Of public transport? Of two-wheeled vehicles?Has the image of each method of transport changed since the early 1990s?Is the city’s perception of certain methods of transport different from that of the country as a whole?According to what references to other places (models of cities, imported ideas, etc.)?Do they refer to the policies/ideas/innovations of other cities, that are seen as more “modern” more “advanced”, more “innovative”?
According to what references to the past (lessons from experience)?To what extent do they take into account the successes or failures of past experiences?According to what representations of public space?Do references to city models and types of streets contribute to the positions of the actors.What framework do they use (what versions of the situation: which definition, causes and responsibilities)?In the name of what values do they do so?Beyond rational arguments, what representations of Good/Evil, Justice/injustice etc. justify their positions? What are the norms that indicate what is desirable?The aim here is to highlight the normative aspect of the choices made in public action on mobility.What utopia/what dreams of an urban order govern their positions?
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