1.1 Questions about the global context:
Describing the global framework through which a society interprets itself, based on existing studies.
What is the global economic, demographic and social background of the country?
What is the global economic, demographic and social background of the city?
What is the general atmosphere in the country?
What is the dominant perception of the future?
- How does today’s society view the future? How does the society experience and perceive itself in current conditions? E.g., largely in terms of anxiety, decline or conversely in terms of growth, renewal?
- What indices are important in identifying this state of mind and providing avenues for potential response:
- Confidence in the future, the feeling that things will get better (or worse) tomorrow
- Confidence in the country’s potential - Perception of economic globalisation as a threat or an opportunity, of the international movement of people (immigration) as a threat or opportunity.
- The sense that the country, the city, is recognised on the international stage
- For each of the above indices (confidence in the future, etc.), is this a perception that is widely shared, or is there more a conflict of perceptions?
- It is also important to note how these social perceptions have changed over the last 10 years or so: Are they emerging, stable or diminishing representations?
How does the society see itself, perceive itself?
For example, a group or a nation can perceive itself as a society of social classes in conflict, a society fragmented into heterogeneous tribes and groups, a unified and consensual society, etc.
Does the society believes that it can control and influence its destiny, or does it take a more fatalistic view of an unavoidable destiny?
Is change perceived as possible, impossible, desirable, etc? Distinguish between types of change: better living conditions; greater economic development; transformation of structures/social inequalities, etc.
What are the current collective principles through which the nation perceives its distinctive identity relative to other nations?
What values run through the whole of the society being studied? In other words, what are the current collective principles through which the nation expresses its specificity, its difference?
What are the big principles underlying public action?
As products of a collective history, certain dominant values of a society can underpin the guiding principles of public policies in general.
1.2 Questions about the institutional system and mobility phenomena:
1.2.1 Political and administrative organisation and social actors:
Who decides on what and who pays?
Which are different government levels involved?
In terms of formal organisation, who has the power to decide? For example, what are the connections between the different levels of government (national, local, municipal, etc.)?
1.2.2 Problems, urban policies, mobility policies:
A descriptive summary of the most acute problems that urban policy is seeking to resolve in your city?
Current priorities of urban policy and relating them to past policy
To put public action on urban mobility in context, we need to understand the main objectives that the authorities responsible for the city set themselves. What are they?
Which of them are seen as a priority?
In what respect do they represent continuity or a departure from past policy?
A descriptive summary of the most acute problems that mobility policies are seeking to resolve in your city?
How would you summarise the “general credo” underlying transport policies?
Specify if they apply to the whole city or, where appropriate, which apply to the city centre and which to the other parts of the city.
Specify if there is a gap between what is done and what is said (between the practical credo and the rhetorical credo).
What types of solutions (e.g. building new roads, setting up road tolls, funding public transport operation) have not been chosen and in a sense constitute “vetoes”?Why?
Do these solutions tend to be consistent with or a departure from the policies implemented in the 1990s?
Which categories of population do these policies target?
1.3 Questions about the quantitative background:
This is the only section that involves reference to databases. The aim is to provide data on economic, social and demographic change in the country since 2000 and its current situation, and on economic, social and demographic change in the city since 2000 and its current situation.
1.3.1 General background
Questions about wages and costs
Questions about general economic/demographic/social situation of the country
Questions about openness of the economy
1.3.2 Data on the conurbation
1.3.3 Mobility and transports conditions in the conurbation
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